15. Francesca Romana Stasolla, LEOPOLI-CENCELLE: IL QUARTIERE SUD-ORIENTALE (Introduzione di Letizia Ermini Pani e contributi di François Bougard, Elisabetta De Minicis, Rossana Martorelli).

15. Francesca Romana Stasolla, LEOPOLI-CENCELLE: IL QUARTIERE SUD-ORIENTALE (Introduzione di Letizia Ermini Pani e contributi di François Bougard, Elisabetta De Minicis, Rossana Martorelli).

15. Francesca Romana Stasolla, LEOPOLI-CENCELLE: IL QUARTIERE SUD-ORIENTALE (Introduzione di Letizia Ermini Pani e contributi di François Bougard, Elisabetta De Minicis, Rossana Martorelli).

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Spoleto 2012, pp. 364, ils.

When, during the mid-nine century, the inhabitants of Centumcellae (modern Civitavecchia, a city along the northern Latium coast) asked Pope Leo IV help against the Saracen raids, they could never imagine to promote one of the few medieval established cities in Italy, which perfectly fitted the Roman bishops plan for a territorial organization of the Roman Dukedom. Archaeological research, compared with the plentiful documentary sources, allows to return a first long term picture of the city: from the moment of its consecration, August 15th 854, until the XVII century. The conclusion of investigations in the south-eastern district provides an opportunity to present the results of the development of an urban area with stages of life and restoration from IX to XVI century, furthermore is now possible to trace the lines of urban development and transformation from a center of classical tradition – episcopal seat from the very first moment of its foundation – up to the stabilization of municipal reality and conversion in farm linked to the alum production from the end of XV century. The almost unique possibility of an archaeological reading of the birth and development of a city with no continuity of life is crucial for the debate over the form of the early medieval city and the pattern of development of municipal realities. The volume stands as an edition of the excavation but most importantly as a first overall analysis of the urban reality of the city, which is thought to serve as a model for the development of medieval towns with no constraints from the Roman material heritage. Archaeological reality shows that the juridical connotation of civitas and its material display rest on the specific requirements of the early medieval high ground center, as result from the Byzantine treatise and Justinian experience. The development lines in the following centuries and the important moments in the urban life, connected to the stages of XI-XII and XIII-XIV century, allow the archaeological reading of the foundation of a municipal town, reorganized around the centers of political and religious power. Through a detailed analysis of the south-eastern district it is now possible to observe the development of a residential area with an handcrafted vocation related to metallurgy as the many findings confirm. The comparative analysis with the documentary sources, remarkably suitable with the archaeological ones, permit to return a medieval city dynamic and well structured, with a stable economy and a well defined political role in the economic and social context of the relations of the Roman hinterland.

Contents:
1. Il progetto Leopoli-Cencelle, una città di fondazione papale (Letizia Ermini Pani)
2. Da Leopoli a Cencelle (Francesca Romana Stasolla): La città medievale - La situazione stratigrafica - Il contesto territoriale e la gestione delle risorse - Il contesto sociale e le attività artigianali
3. Settore I (Rossana Martorelli): Lo scavo archeologico - Il complesso artigianale
4. Settore II: Lo scavo archeologico (Elisabetta De Minicis) - La periodizzazione stratigrafica (Maria Isabella Marchetti) - La fossa granaria (Lucia Prandi - Gabriella Silvestrini)
5. Settore III (François Bougard - Enrico Cirelli)
6. L’edilizia abitativa e la viabilità: La viabilità (Giorgia Maria Annoscia) - La casa plurifamiliare, il complesso signorile, le case con bottega (Elisabetta De Minicis) - Le case a schiera: ipotesi ricostruttive (Maria Doriana De Padova) - L’analisi delle tecniche murarie. I settori I e II (Elisabetta De Minicis)
7. I materiali: Introduzione (Giorgia Maria Annoscia) - La ceramica (Giorgia Maria Annoscia) - I metalli (Francesca Zagari) - I reperti numismatici (Franca Maria Vanni) - Il sigillo (Giorgia Maria Annoscia) - La medaglia (Franca Maria Vanni) - Il vetro (Maria Cristina Romano - Franca Del Vecchio)
8. Lo sfruttamento delle risorse: I resti archeobotanici (Marcella Savelli - Francesco Larocca) - I resti archeozoologici (Claudia Minniti) - Abbreviazioni bibliografiche



ISBN 978-88-7988-983-4