Spoleto 2023, pp.
VIII-412, tavv. f.t. 11, ISBN 9788868093976
This book provides
fundamental insights into the pontificate of Gregory IX through the
little-studied Life of Pope Gregory IX and considering several other sources.
It examines the Life’s genesis and transmission, its relation to the medieval
papal historiography, its programmatic orientation towards the governance of
the Papal States, the significance of the two excommunications of Frederick II
in the mirror of the Life, and its stylisation of the papal protagonist and
imperial antagonists. The Life served the papacy primarily as a document of
legitimation and defence in the crisis years of 1239/40, and also as a source
of political, financial, legal, and liturgical responses for the posterity of
the Roman Curia. Gregory IX left a longer-lasting mark on the papal sanctity,
the territorial politics, and the eschatological thinking of the Roman Curia
than recognized by previous scholarship.
Contents: Preface - 1. Introduction - 1.1.Research
subject, methodology and research question - 1.2.The state
of research - 1.3.Sources - 2. The context of transmission - 2.1.The Liber Censuum - 2.2.The Florence manuscript Ricc. 228: a codicological description - 2.3.Rubrication of the Vita in the Ricc. 228 Florentine
manuscript - 2.4.Compilation of papal lives at
the Roman Curia - 2.5.Conclusion - 3. Structure and conception - 3.1.The Vita in the context of medieval papal historiography - 3.2.The question of authorship - 3.3.Time of
production - 3.4.Sources - 3.5.Style - 3.6.Concepts of order - 3.7.Conclusion - 4. Portrayal of the pope following the model of the Liber pontificalis
- 4.1.Papal lives: schema and
distinctive features - 4.2.The return of holiness? - 4.3.Background - 4.4.Virtues - 4.5.Elevation to pope - 4.6.
Benignus pater, pius pater: the pope as shepherd - 4.7.The elite
papal officials - 4.8.Conclusion -5. A Programmatic text on governance in the
papal states - 5.1.The
concept of temporal dominion of the Roman Church - 5.2.Pope
Gregory IX on the move: territorial policy in the Papal States - 5.3.Forms of papal
rule in the Patrimonium Petri - 5.4.Conclusion - 6. Legitimisation and defence in the conflict between pope and emperor
- 6.1.The second excommunication of Frederick II in 1239 - 6.2.The first excommunication of Frederick II in 1227 - 6.3.Conclusion - 7.
The construction of an image of self and an image of the enemy - 7.1.The
stylisation of Frederick II - 7.2.The stylisation of Gregory IX
and Saint Francis - 7.3.Conclusion - 8. Conclusion - Appendix - Bibliography -Index of Person - Index of